How to Lay Tiles: Floor Tile Installation

tile-installation in fl

Remodeling is a long, expensive project – many people try to do some things themselves to save money. While tile installation might seem like a difficult job, laying tiles on the floor is not as hard as you may imagine. In fact, marble tiles are some of the easiest to lay. Here’s a step-by-step guide.

The Tools

  • Tape Measure
  • Pencil
  • Speed square
  • Level
  • Rubber float
  • Notched trowel
  • Tile spacers
  • Grout sponge
  • Power drill
  • Tile spacers
  • Knee Pads
  • 5-gallon buckets
  • Wet saw or scoring cutter
  • Earplugs and safety glasses
  • Jamb saw or handsaw

Working Materials

  • Thin-set mortar
  • Tiles
  • Cement board screws
  • Cement backer board
  • Sealer
  • Grout

The Process

Start by measuring the floor carefully and then calculate the number of tiles needed.

The next step is to prepare the floor by removing all current and existing floors. You should also remove all the residual adhesives and clean the floor thoroughly. Proper tile installation relies on having a clean slate so that the adhesive can set properly.


By the way, you could also use natural stone or travertine tile stones. However, you will need to consider how they will be laid out on the floor to maximize their aesthetic appeal and minimize cutting.

Laying the tiles

You will need to use a 5-gallon bucket to mix the thin-set mortar using a mixing paddle. Follow the instructions on the package and ensure that you use the correct mortar to water ratio.

Spread it evenly on a small surface where the tile will lie, and then position the tile on the motor along with the guidelines and press it hard into place.

Cutting the tiles

Once you have the full tiles all laid out and it is safe for you to walk on them, the next thing you should do is fit the partial border tiles on the walls.

This should be done by measuring the walls less the width of the grout line and then marking it on the tiles.

It would be best to make straight cuts on the tiles using the scoring cutter and then extend this to the wall.

Finish the wall edges

Now, when it comes to fitting the border tiles next to the wall, always leave a small gap covered using the molding or baseboard. Line up the joints in the baseboard with the floor to have a continuous look.


Applying the grout

Once the tiles have been laid out and the mortar has been set, the joints are supposed to be filled with grout.

Please take out the grout and mix it using the recommended amount of water, and then allow it to sit for around ten minutes before stirring again.

Apply it to the tiles using the rubber float, and then sit for about five minutes. Wipe off the excess using a sponge and work at all the angles.

Once it has hardened, apply the sealer on the joints.

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